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State by State Assault Laws

Law citations dealing with consent, compiled by the NCSF Consent Counts Project 

Alabama  Alaska  Arizona  Arkansas 
California Colorado  Connecticut  Delaware 
D.C. Florida Georgia Hawaii
Idaho  Illinois  Iowa  Kansas 
Kentucky Louisiana  Maine  Maryland 
Massachusetts Michigan Minnesota Mississippi
Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada
New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York
N. Carolina N. Dakota Ohio Oklahoma
Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island S. Carolina
S. Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah
Vermont Virginia Washington W. Virginia
Wisconsin Wyoming    

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State Assault Consent Definitions Cases
AL 13A-6-20 (1st degree) 13A-2-7  13A-1-2   
13A-6-21 (2nd degree) (physical injury, serious physical injury)
13A-6-22 (3rd degree)  
AK 11.41.200 (1st degree)   11.81.900 (serious physical injury, reckless)  
11.41.210 (2nd degree)
11.41.220 (3rd degree)
11.41.250 (reckless endangerment)
AZ 13-1203 Simple Assault      
13-12-4 Aggravated Assault
AR 5-13-201 1st degree battery   5-1-102 definitions  
5-13-202 2nd degree battery
5-13-203 3rd degree battery
5-13-204 Aggravated assault
5-13-205 1st degree assault
5-13-206 2nd degree assault
5-13-207 3rd degree assault
CA Penal Code 241 Assault, Punishment   Penal Code 7 Words and Phrases defined  
Penal Code 243 Battery, Punishment Penal Code 240 Assault Defined
Penal Code 245 Assault with deadly weapon or force likely to produce great bodily injury Penal Code 242 Battery Defined
CO 18-3-202 (1st degree)      
18-3-203 (2nd degree)
18-3-204 (3rd degree)
18-3-208 (reckless endangerment)
CT 53a-59 (1st degree)   53a-3 (serious physical injury, recklessly)  
53a-60 (2nd degree)
53a-61 (3rd degree)
53a-63 (reckless endangerment 1st degree)
53a-64 (reckless endangerment 2nd degree)
DE 11 Del Code 611 (3rd degree) 11 Del. Code 452 Consent of victim to inflictions of physical injury as defense 11 Del Code 222  
11 Del Code 612 (2nd degree)
11 Del Code 613 (1st degree)
11 Del Code 603 (reckless endangering 2nd degree)
11 Del Code 604 (reckless endangering 1st degree)
DC 22-404 (Assault)   No definitions section in this particular subchapter – “Serious bodily injury” defined elsewhere  
22-404.01 (Aggravated Assault)
22-407 (threats of bodily harm)
FL 784.011 Assault      
784.021 Aggravated Assault
784.03 Battery, Felony battery
784.045 Aggravated Battery
GA 16-5-20 Simple Assault   Definitions contained within the statutes  
16-5-23 Simple Battery
16-5-23.1 Battery
HI 707-710 Assault 1st degree 702-734 Consent to Bodily Injury 707-700 definitions related to offenses against the person  
707-711 Assault 2nd degree
707-712 Assault 3rd degree
707-713 Reckless Endangering 1st degree
707-714 Reckless Endangering 2nd degree
ID 18-902 Assault   18-101, 18-101A (both are “Definitions” sections)  
18-904 Battery 18-901 “Assault”
18-906 Aggravated Assault 18-903 “Battery”
18-908 Aggravated Battery 18-905 “Aggravated Assault”
  18-907 “Aggravated Battery”
IL 720 ILCS/21-1 Assault   720 ILCS 5/2 et seq. contains definitions – no good definitions of “serious bodily injury”  
720 ILCS/21-2 Aggravated Assault
720 ILCS/21-3 Battery
720 ILCS/21-4 Aggravated Battery
720 ILCS/21-5 Reckless Conduct
IN 35-42-2-1 Battery   35-41-1-4 “Bodily Injury”  
35-42-2-1.5 Aggravated battery 35-41-1-25 “Serious bodily injury”
35-42-2-2 Criminal recklessness  
IA 708.1 Assault Defined   708.1 Assault Defined  
708.2 Penalties for Assault
KS 21-3408 Assault 21-3201 Criminal Intent 21-3110 Definitions  
21-3410 Aggravated Assault 21-3204 Guilt without criminal intent
KY 508.010 (1st degree)   500.080 Definitions  
508.020 (2nd degree)
508.025 (3rd degree)
508.030 (4th degree)
508.060 (wanton endangerment 1st degree)
508.070 (wanton endangerment 2nd degree)
LA 14:38 Simple Assault   14:2 definitions  
14:37 Aggravated Assault 14:33 Battery Defined
  14:36 Assault Defined
ME Tit. 17A Sec. 207 Assault   Title 17A Sec. 2 (Bodily Injury, Serious Bodily Injury, Recklessly)  
17A sec. 208 Aggravated Assault
17A Sec. 211 Reckless Conduct
MD 3-202 (1st degree) 3-207 (dismissal possible if both victim and defendant agree) 3-201 Definitions  
3-203 (2nd degree) 3-209 defenses
3-204 reckless endangerment  
MA Ch. 265 sec. 13A Assault or Assault and Battery   None direct, but analogous to ch. 265 sec. 13K  
MI 750.81 Assault   “Serious Injury” defined in the caselaw  
750.81a w/infliction of serious injury
MN 609.221 (1st degree)   609.02 Definitions  
609-222 (2nd degree)
609-223 (3rd degree)
609-2231 (4th degree)
609.224 (5th degree)
MS 97-3-7 Simple and Aggravated Assault      
MO 565.050 (1st degree) 565.08 565.002 (Serious physical injury)  
565.060 (2nd degree)
565.070 (3rd degree)
MT 45-5-201 Assault 45-2-211 Consent as a Defense 45-2-101 General definitions  
45-5-202 Aggravated Assault
45-5-207 Criminal Endangerment
45-5-208 Negligent Endangerment
NE 28-308 (1st degree)   28-109 (Serious Bodily Injury)  
28-309 (2nd degree)
28-310 (3rd degree)
NV 200.471 Assault, Definitions, Penalties      
200.481 Battery, Definitions, Penalties
NH 631:1 (1st degree) 626:6 Consent (similar to MPC) 625:11 General definitions  
631:2 (2nd degree)
631:2-a (Simple assault)
631:3 Reckless Conduct
NJ 2C:12-1 (Assault) 2C:2-10 (Lifted from the MPC) 2C:3-11 (bodily harm, serious bodily harm)  
2C:12-2 (reckless endangerment)
NM 30-3-1 Assault   30-1-12 (Great Bodily Harm)  
30-3-2 Aggravated Assault
30-3-3 Assault with intent to commit violent felony
30-3-4 Battery
30-3-5 Aggravated Battery
NY Penal Law 120.00 (3rd degree)   Penal Law 10.00 (Serious Physical Injury,  
Penal Law 120.05 (2nd degree)
Penal Law 120.10 (1st degree)
Penal Law 120.20 (Reckless Endangerment 2nd degree)
Penal Law 120.25 (Reckless Endangerment 1st degree)
NC 14-32.4 (Assault inflicting serious injury, Strangulation)   Definitions contained in the assault statutes  
14-33 (Misdemeanor assults, batteries, affrays)
ND 12.1-17-01 Simple Assault 12.1-17-08 Consent as a Defense (very similar to MPC) 12.1-01-04 General Definitions  
12.1-17-01.1 Assault
12.1-17-02 Aggravated Assault
12.1-17-03 Reckless Endangering
OH 2903.13 Assault 2901.21 Requirements for Criminal Liability 2901.01  
2903.11 Felonious Assault
2903.12 Aggravated Assault
2903.14 Negligent Assault
OK 644 Assault and Battery   641 Assault  
645 Assault and Battery with a Dangerous Weapon 642 Battery
646 Aggravated Assault and battery  
647 Punishment for Aggravated Assault and Battery  
OR 163.160 (4th degree)   161.015 Definitions  
163.165 (3rd degree)
163.175 (2nd degree)
163.185 (1st degree)
PA 2701 Simple Assault Seemingly allowed in the caselaw 2301 Definitions  
2702 Aggravated Assault
2705 Reckless Endangerment
RI 11-5-1 Assault with intent to commit felonies (incl. sodomy)      
11-5-2 Felony Assault
11-5-3 Simple Assault, Battery
SC No statute?      
SD 22-18-1 (Simple Assault)   22-1-2 (Serious bodily injury)  
22-18-1.1 (Aggravated Assault)
TN 39-13-101 Assault 39-13-104 Consent (very much like MPC) 39-11-106 Definitions  
39-13-102 Aggravated Assault
39-13-103 Reckless Endangering
TX Penal Code 22.01 Assault Penal Code 22.06 Consent as a defense to assaultive conduct Penal Code 1.07  
Penal Code 22.02 Aggravated Assault
UT 76-5-102 Assault 76-5-104 Consensual Altercation 76-1-601 Definitions  
76-5-103 Aggravated Assault
VT 13 VSA 1023 Simple Assault   13 VSA 1021 Definitions  
13 VSA 1024 Aggravated Assault
13 VSA 1025 Recklessly endangering
VA 18.2-57 Assault and Battery      
WA 9A.36.011 (1st degree)   9A.04.110 (Bodily Harm, Great Bodily Harm)  
9A.36.021 (2nd degree)
9A.36.031 (3rd degree)
9A.36.041 (4th degree)
9A.36.050 (Reckless Endangerment)
WV 61-2-9 Malicious or unlawful assault; assault; battery      
WI 940.19 Battery, Substantial Battery, Aggravated Battery   939.22 Words and Phrases Defined  
940.23 Reckless Injury 939.24 Criminal Recklessness
WY 6-2-501 Simple Assault, Battery   6-1-104 (Bodily Injury, Serious Bodily Injury, Recklessly)  
6-2-502 Aggravated Assault, Battery
6-2-504 Reckless Endangering





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Consent Counts: We're Making a Difference

  • Completed Federal and State Legal Research
  • Developed Educational Programs and Outreach Materials
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About Consent Counts

NCSF is leading a major national campaign—Consent Counts—to change the laws and police practices that our communities now endure, and to establish that consent is available as a defense in criminal BDSM prosecutions.

  • BDSM is prosecuted as assault in the U.S., even when it is consensual.
  • No state or appellate court has allowed consent as a defense to assault in BDSM cases.
  • Consent Counts is a nationwide project to decriminalize consensual BDSM.
Program Goals:
Consent Counts
is a nationwide project to decriminalize consensual BDSM through education, advocacy, legal actions and lobbying.


Judy Guerin
Director, Consent Counts 
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